Surveilans Newcastle Disease (ND) pada Unggas di Papua Barat


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  • Sulaxono Hadi Balai Besar Veteriner Maros
  • Ratna Loventa Sulaxono Balai Besar Veteriner Maros
Keywords: Isolasi, Newcastle disease, Unggas

Abstract

Newcastle Disease merupakan penyakit viral menular pada unggas yang disebabkan oleh strain virulen Avian Paramyxovirus-1 (vAPMV-1), bisa menyebab kematian yang besar pada unggas tertular. Kegiatan surveilans telah dilakukan oleh Balai Besar Veteriner Maros di provinsi Papua Barat dalam rangka deteksi dini serta mengetahui sirkulasi virus ND pada beberapa jenis unggas di beberapa kabupaten pada ternak unggas. Sebanyak 215 pool swab orofaring unggas dari ayam buras, ayam broiler, ayam layer, itik, entog dan puyuh. Sampel diambil dari 2 kabupaten/kota, 8 kecamatan, 10 desa. Pengujian terhadap sampel swab unggas tersebut di lakukan di Laboratoium Virologi dengan metode isolasi pada telur specific pathogen free (SPF). Hasilnya menunjukkan ditemukan 5 pool swab positif  terhadap ND dari 15 pool swab pada ayam broiler di Kabupaten Manokwari. Bioskuriti dan vaksinasi ND perlu dilakukan di lokasi peternakan untuk mencegah serangan ND.

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Published
2021-09-09